Property Registration in India

Buying an immovable property such as a house, land, plot, villa, apartment etc is a huge investment for anyone. Therefore, in this article, we discuss the top five things one should know before buying and registering property in India. Property in India can be acquired majorly by one or two ways. It is either purchased by an individual or it is inherited. Few lucky ones, of course, acquire properties through the means of a Will or in rare cases acquire property is was granted by the government or lands which were given off as gifts by benefactors.

The rule of thumb, however, is, no matter if a property is being purchased for the first time or for the nth time, meaning property being brought from an already existing owner, it is vital for the individuals to register it. And that’s why folks, Property Registration is a big deal in India. However, with the dawn of the digital era, registration of property online has now made the otherwise laborious process easy for property buyers.

Basic Documents required for Property Registration

  • The Sale Deed: This should be signed by both the buyer and the seller. The Sale Deed should be printed on a stamp paper and the stamp duty should be paid to the respective State Government. 
  • If your property purchase is above 50 lakhs, it is good to keep your Tax Deducted at Source otherwise known as TDS for the registration handy. 
  • For ID proof, one can use his Aadhar, PAN, Passport or Driving License 
  • Passport size pictures of both the parties involved are required
  • In the case the person registering is representing someone else, the power of authority letter is necessary
  • The payment slip of the stamp duty
  • An ID for the two witnesses at the time of registering
  • Patta Passbook 

How to Register Property Online?

Every state has an official registration site on which, one can log in and fill in the application form for the registration of the property. Once the application is filed, depending on the availability, a date will be assigned for the individual to appear before the sub-registrar’s office. 

A step-by-step guide for Property Registration:

Before registering your property, one needs to make sure the following steps are adhered to. 

Step 1: Confirm the Property Title & other encumbrances 

As a buyer, one should make sure to verify the Property title or any mortgages that are associated with the property. 

Step 2: Estimate the value of the property

It is very vital for one to estimate the value of the property they are buying as the stamp duty percentage for the Sale Deed will be calculated based on the upper limit of the going rate of the property. 

Step 3: Get the Stamp papers ready:

At this stage, you are required to purchase stamp papers which are equal to the worth of the stamp duty. 

Step 4: Preparing the Sale Deed

With the help of an authorised property lawyer, the Sale Deed has to be typed out on the stamp papers. 

Step 5: Get the Sale Deed Registered

Now that the sale deed is ready, it should be registered. The same can be done by paying the stamp duty to the stamp collector. 

Step 6: Get the property registered at the Sub-Registrar’s office

To get your property registered you have to first get an appointment with the Sub-Registrar. Be sure to carry the Sale Deed along with two photocopies. Also, take two witnesses along and ensure they bring along their government recognised photo ids as well. 

Step 7:  Completion of the Registration Process

This brings one to the last stage of Property registration. The documents that were submitted to the Sub-registrar need to be verified. Once it is validated, the process will come to a completion. The originals will be handed over to the buyer at this point. 

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About the author: Agnes Joseph is a PR & Community Lead associated with Vakilsearch - India’s pioneering legal-tech, tax and compliance online service platform. Write to for your media and PR related queries. 

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